Modelo de examen de PAU Inglés
The British government has announced that school bullying has reached epidemic
proportions. Last week, England's specially designated Commissioner for Children said
nearly every child was affected by the problem. In the run up to Anti-Bullying Week, which
starts today (November 21), education ministers are considering fining the parents of
bullies. Pupils who attack or threaten their classmates could land Mom or Dad with a cash
penalty of up to 1,710 pounds. Schools minister Jacqui Smith said: "This will send a strong
message to parents that schools will not tolerate a failure to take responsibility for bullying."
Additionally, there are proposals to give teachers a "clear right" to discipline children and
"restrain them through reasonable force" where necessary.
Ms. Smith said: "Bullying should never be tolerated in our schools, no matter what its
motivation." She added that: "Children must know what is right and what is wrong, and that
there will be consequences for crossing the line." She spoke after a recent spate of
particularly violent and disturbing cases in schools. Twelve-year-old bullies have preyed on
their victims, slashing them with knives and using iron bars to beat them unconscious. One
child was told she would be ."dead meat" if she returned to school. Although the right to
education without fear is enshrined in the UN convention on the rights of the child, it seems
Britain's schoolchildren have gone haywire and are hell bent on tormenting and injuring
other students rather than learning.

1.Is bullying a big problem at school? Give your opinion in around 80-100 words.
2. According to the text, what may happen to the parents of bullies in the future?
3. Imagine you see a woman hitting a small child. What would you say to her?
4. Rewrite the following sentence in the passive voice: This will send a strong message
to parents.
5. Find two words in the text containing vowels that are pronounced in the same way
as o in government, ea in dead, and i in fining. (Underline the part of the word that contains
the sound.)

EJEMPLO DE EXAMEN APROBADO

1. Redacción (con comentarios)
“Bullying” means a form of harassment from an abuser having more physicial or social power and dominance than the victim. Nowadays, the bullying cases are increasing spectacularly. In my opinion, bullying is a big problem at school.
On the one hand, different forms of bullying are spreading and they affect children of different ages,from 5 to 18. It cause many problems: changes of humour, suicide...
On the other hand, these children don’t ask for help from other people because they are scared and the abusers continue abusing them
To sum up, it’s completely necessary for these children to report the harassment so that bullying won’t become a bigger problem.

Comentario global: A pesar de algunos problemas de expresión, esta
redacción cumple con los objetivos de este ejercicio. Tiene una estructura
clara y se desarrollan las ideas adecuadamente. El uso de conectores es
bueno, como también el uso de pronombres u otros elementos que dan
cohesión al texto. El alumno domina bien el vocabulario necesario para el
desarrollo del tema.

2. Comprensión del texto:
According to the text, parents of bullies will probably be fined in the future

3. Comunicación
Could you please stop hitting him?

4. Estructura gramatical:
A strong message will be sent to parents

5. Pronunciación
Government: other, run
Dead: never, threaten
Fining: child, right

Comentario: Una definición de un concepto es
muy buen comienzo, y demuestra el dominio del
vocabulario relacionado con el tema
Comentario: Uso adecuado de un frase hecha
Comentario: No es conveniente usar puntos
supensivos en vez de formas lingüísticas como
‘among other things’
Comentario: Completa la primera parte (‘on the
one hand’) pero debería formar parte del mismo
párrafo
Comentario: Este elemento contribuye a la
cohesión del texto


EJEMPLO DE EXAMEN SUSPENSO

1. Redacción (con comentarios):
Yes, it is. School bullying is a big problem in our society. Now there are many children that they are attack o threaten by other children.
I think the parents to this children are guilty to this problem because they haven’t educated good to their son.
By this, I think the parents should to teach better to their son.
Too, how Ms Smoth said: what the children must know what is right and what is wrong, and that
there will be consequences for crossing the line

Comentario global: Esta redacción no cumple con los requisitos de este
ejercicio. No se aprecia la estructura necesaria para el desarrollo del
tema, y la falta de dominio de vocabulario y estructuras gramaticales
impide que el alumno exprese unas ideas básicas en torno al tema.
Verbos como ‘teach’ o educate’ se usan para hablar del ámbito escolar
no el familiar.

2. Comunicación (con comentarios):
I’d stop to women and I’d speak with her, I’d
convice the women that she mustn’t hit the kid.
I told her that he can punish the kid because she
should use the violence

3. Estructura gramatical.
This will be sent a strong message to parents

4. Pronunciación (con comentarios):
Government: must, problem
Dead: meat, teachers
Fining: minister, right


Comentario: No es un comienzo adecuado para
una redacción: no se trata de una conversación
Comentario: El dominio de la voz pasiva es
necesario para expresar esta idea
Comentario: Falta de concordancia: aquí y en
otras oraciones se aprecia una falta de conciencia de
la diferencia entre singular y plural
Comentario: Palabra equivocada: mejor
‘responsible for’
Comentario: No introduce una idea nueva así que
no debe empezar un párrafo nuevo
Comentario: Debe usar ‘besides’, ‘furthermore’
or ‘moreover’
Comentario: La única frase expresada
correctamente se ha copiado del texto

Comentario: Aparte de los errores que dificultan
la comprensión, el alumno no ha entendido el
objetivo del ejercicio.Éste busca comprobar que el
alumno sabe expresarse en una situación concreta.
Además, el alumno que responde así (o utilizando un
diálogo) tiene más posibilidades de cometer errores.

Comentario: En el texto, ‘must’ se pronunciaría
con schwa.En general, es recomendable evitar citar
ejemplos de palabras cuya pronuciación varía según
el contexto (artículos, preposiciones, etc.)
Comentario: El alumno busca palabras con las
misma ortografía, no con la misma pronunciación